Why Is It Hard for Immigrants to Learn A New Language?

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Ever wondered why is it hard for immigrants to learn a new language? It's not like how we naturally learn our first language. It’s kind of like a workout for your brain—lots of grammar exercises and different activities that might not be a pleasing experience for all.

This article will tell you the reason behind it. Let's dive into the details to find out how we can make this language-learning adventure a bit smoother.

Factors Affecting Language Learning

Let's take a closer look at what influences how we learn a new language. Just like a recipe, these different ingredients affect the outcome of our language-learning dish:


Imagine learning a language is like learning to ride a bike. Younger kids might fall several times but their wounds would not be that much and they will learn to balance very quickly. But what would happen when an older person tries to do the same?

Well, one fall might take weeks to recover and it will take more time to balance properly. It’s not impossible to learn to ride a bike in old age, but it takes more practice and patience. Learning a new language is just the same.

Prior Education:

Prior education helps a lot to learn a new language. People who've been to school and learned how to read and write in their first language tend to pick up a new language more effectively.

Socioeconomic Status:

Socioeconomic status has a big influence on absorbing new things. If you have to spend 10+ hours to make ends meet, when do you practice your language?

If you have enough time and resources to dedicate to learning a language, you'll likely do better than those struggling with their basic needs.

Working Status

Studies suggest that people working jobs that need communication with others tend to learn faster than stay-at-home people. It’s because the more interaction you have, the more your conversation skills will improve.


Learning a language is like growing a plant. Having favorable conditions helps the plant grow faster and stronger compared to a plant in less favorable conditions. So, if you have a supportive environment and helpful people around you, you will get a huge benefit.

Why Learning a New Language is a Challenge

Learning a new language can sometimes feel like you are climbing Mount Everest. For immigrants, learning the local language is the tool for survival and independence.

However, the journey demands a ton of effort and focus, which can get a bit tiring and overwhelming. It’s not easy to learn and remember loads of new stuff. This might test your patience, especially if you're learning on your own.

Is Learning A Language and Becoming Fluent in It Same Thing?

When we talk about being "fluent" in a language, it's not just about casual chit-chat. Fluency varies from person to person and situation to situation.

Kids might seem fluent in everyday talk, but that doesn't mean they are experts in advanced language as well. They still need to learn a lot when they are going to academic work.

Besides, even adults can be super proficient but still have a unique accent. Being "fluent" while shopping is a whole different game compared to being "fluent" in a university class. The bottom line? Fluency is a flexible term, and we should be understanding and open-minded about it.

Way to Make The Learning Process Smoother

It’s not easy to adopt a new language but it’s not rocket science too. There are a few things that can make your learning journey a bit comfortable. Let’s discover them.

Fun Learning

Learning a new language can be more fun if you have the right companions. Look out for interesting language classes with interactive activities.

You can also be a part of a community in a Vocational ESL program. Making friends who share the same goals adds excitement to the journey.

Don’t Give Up

Don’t think your age is not suitable for adopting new things. Remember wisdom comes with age. Adults have sharp thinking, problem-solving skills, and smart strategies to learn faster.

So, all you need to keep your motivation high and a strong mind to reach your destination. Success will be yours very soon.

Time Management

Life can get busy and you have to keep it in mind. Set a daily schedule for your learning—little efforts help a lot in the end.

You can use sticky notes to note down important information and keep them around your home, especially in places where you frequently visit.

Watch movies, and series and listen to podcasts during your leisure time. It’s like killing two birds in one stone. You will understand the native tone while enjoying your time.

Also, you can choose a Vocational ESL program that offers online classes, so that you don’t have to worry about your busy routine.

Final Words

Why is it hard for immigrants to learn a new language? - Now you know the answer. It’s a tough journey but in the end, you will get a big reward. As you know the factors behind it, hopefully, now it will be easier for you to overcome the challenges.

So, keep learning, and stay motivated. The success will surely be yours!

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